While a regular camera records three spectral channels in every pixel (red, green, and blue), hyperspectral imagers have the ability to record hundreds of spectral channels. This additional information enables one to distinguish between similarly colored materials. Examples include distinguishing between healthy and stressed crops, nuts and shells, similar fluorescent materials, and more.
Resonon's hyperspectral cameras are line-scan imagers (also called "pushbroom" imagers). Two-dimensional images are constructed by collecting the image line by line while the sample is translating relative to the camera.